Constitutional monarchy (what other countries are monarchy countries in today’s society)
Monarchy is a political system relative to a republic. There are still many countries in today’s society that are monarchies, which can be divided into cubism and autocracy.
There are only five authoritarian countries in the world today, namely Brunei, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Oman and Swaziland. The monarchs of these countries hold real power.
Brunei, located in the north of Kalimantan Island in Southeast Asia, was called “Boni Country” in ancient times, a long time ago trade with China. In modern times, due to the rise of colonialism, Brunei became the target of all colonial countries competing for friends and excellent resources, and finally became a British colony. In World War II, Japan invaded Brunei, and the Brunei royal family became a puppet. After World War II, Britain resumed its colonial rule over Brunei. Brunei was not officially independent until 1984, when the United Kingdom gave up its rule over Brunei. But after independence, Brunei still practices an absolute monarchy, and the current sultan is the 29th Haji Hassanal Bolkiah.
Brunei is one of the richest countries in the world because it is a small country with a small population but rich in oil and natural gas resource. Its people enjoy a high standard of living.
Saudi *** is the larger country in the Middle East. The country was historically ruled by the Ottoman Empire. After World War I
With the decline of the Ottoman Empire, Saudi Arabia took the opportunity to launch a national war, defeated the Ottoman Empire, and established the “Saudi Dynasty”. After independence, Saudi Arabia has been implementing an absolute monarchy system, and the monarch is called the king. The current King Salman bin Ayuyo Abdull Aziz Al Saud.
Saudi Arabia is rich in oil resources and is one of the richest countries in the world. It has the reputation of “Oil Kingdom”.
Saudi Arabia’s neighbor, Qatar, was also ruled by the Ottoman Empire in history. The country became independent in 1846. After the founding of the country, Qatar has been implementing an absolute monarchy system, and the monarch is called “Emir”, which means monarch, chief, etc. In *** language.
Qatar is also rich in oil resources and is one of the richest countries in the world.
Oman is a neighboring country of Saudi Arabia. . In 1749, Ahmed bin Saeed established the Saeed Dynasty, broke away from the control of the Ottoman Empire, and established an independent autocratic monarchy.
Although Oman is far less wealthy than Saudi *** and Qatar, but still a relatively wealthy country.
Swaziland is an African country and the only country in Africa with an absolute monarchy. It became a British colony in the early 20th century. In 1968, King Sobhuza II achieved national independence through hard work, and officially named his country the “Kingdom of Swaziland”.
Swaziland’s absolute monarchy is deeper than the first four countries, because Swaziland people believe that the king is the incarnation of God in the world, so the Swaziland king is not only the secular absolute power holder , but also the spiritual leader. The current king is Mswati III, the son of Sobhuza II.
Compared with countries with authoritarian regimes, there are many countries with *** regimes. *** It is to limit the power of the monarch and establish the rights of the people through the constitution on the premise of retaining the monarchy. Can be divided into dual constitutional monarchy and parliamentary constitutional monarchy.
Dual constitutional monarchy is nominally a constitutional monarchy, but the king still enjoys real power. Representative countries include Kuwait, Jordan, and Thailand. Historically, the German Empire and the Japanese Empire were also dual constitutional monarchies.
Parliamentary constitutional monarchy is a political system commonly used now. There are Britain, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Spain, Andorra, etc. in Europe. Japan, Cambodia, Nepal, Bhutan, etc. in Asia. Mauritius, Morocco, Lesotho, etc. in Africa. Tonga in Oceania.