The English Channel Tunnel (the longest undersea tunnel in the world)
I usually think of its practical significance of connecting traffic and its dark and humid environment. True, most tunnels are like this, but there are some tunnels in the world that have unusual significance. Some have witnessed extraordinary historical achievements, some have become tourist attractions with their ingenious designs, and some even show unique artistic charm. These 10 most unparalleled tunnels in the world must be visited if you have the opportunity.
Lydalorian is located at Westerland, Norway, through the Norwegian mountains, carries two lanes of the European E16 motorway, the last link on the important motorway linking Oslo and Bergen. Fjords in Norway are famous for their beauty, but their winding and broken coastline also makes it difficult to travel. In winter when there are no ferries, the Laydal Tunnel plays an important role in connecting traffic. Laydal Tunnel has a total length of 24.5 kilometers. Designers worried that such a long journey would make the journey monotonous for drivers. Special lighting is designed in the tunnel, using blue and yellow to simulate the scene of traveling in the resource network at sunrise, bringing a dreamlike visual experience.
Switzerland Gotthard Tunnel
Photo: ins @ global _ transport _ studio / ins @ komon _ with _ cecile
Although the mountain tunnel is no longer a strange sight, the Gotthard Mountain Tunnel is still an amazing existence. The St. Gotham Tunnel is the higher section of the St. Gotham Railway in Switzerland. It is 15 kilometers long and opened in 1882. The tunnel crossed the St. Gotham Mountains (part of the Alps), established the pan-European railway network, connected the North Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, and facilitated connections between Belgian, Dutch and German ports and northern Italian ports and many major inland cities. The movement of goods and people is of great significance. Take the train through the Gotthard Tunnel, and you’ve crossed the Alps in 17 minutes!
Channel Tunnel, UK, France
Photo: ins @ returntothe80s
The Channel Tunnel is a railway tunnel comprised of three It consists of parallel tunnels and is 50.45 kilometers long. It lies below the English Channel, connecting Folkestone (Kent, UK) and Cockles (Haute-France, France). It is the only regular link between the UK and mainland Europe. With a total length of 37.9 kilometers, its subsea section is the longest underwater tunnel section in the world. The lower point of the tunnel is 75m below the seabed and 115m below sea level. For thousands of years, the Channel Tunnel has transformed the geography and politics of Europe. After the opening of the tunnel in 1994, only high-speed trains running through itTaking Londoners to Paris and Brussels in a few hours, Britain is no longer an island off the coast of Europe.
Hanqing Tunnel in Japan
Source: ins@ majimojinanago
Hanqing Tunnel is also a double-track railway tunnel crossing the seabed, located in Japan’s Tsugaru Strait is named after connecting the Aomori area of Honshu, Japan and the Hakodate area of Hokkaido. The total length of the tunnel is 53.85 kilometers, of which 23.3 kilometers are under the sea, and the lowest point of the tunnel is 240 meters below sea level. The Shinkansen train gallops through the tunnel at a speed of 140 kilometers per hour. Construction of the Hanqing Tunnel started in 1971 and was officially opened to traffic in 1988. It cost $7 billion, almost 12 times the original budget, but the increase in cost was largely due to years of inflation. To commemorate the construction of the Hankyung Tunnel, the Japan Mint issued a 500-yen commemorative coin with a tunnel pattern in 1988.
Langer Glacier Tunnel, Iceland
Source: ins @ travelswithmeesh/Christelle Matar
Langer The Lange Glacier Tunnel (Lange Glacier Tunnel) is located in the higher peak area of the Lange Glacier in Iceland. It was built by hand. The tunnel was designed and built by Icelandic geophysicist and former presidential candidate Ari Trausti Gumundsson. Its original intention is to show people the magical inner structure of Icelandic glaciers. Visitors can also explore the interior of the glacier through landscapes such as the famous Blue Ice Cave in Iceland, but this kind of landscape can only be formed in winter, which is relatively rare, and the leisure resources are absolutely unstable, while the glacier tunnel allows tourists to go deep in summer Experience the beauty of the glacier. The interior of the tunnel reflects intoxicating ice blue, and some places behind the tunnel walls are equipped with colorful lights, giving visitors a wonderful visual experience. Walking in the tunnel is like walking in a moving glacier, and you can still hear the sound of water flowing.
Central Deborah Gold Mine, Australia
Central Deborah Gold Mine is located in Victoria, Australia Bendigo, like a huge underground city. Miners here have been digging for gold in the dirt and rock for years, and many have indeed unearthed treasure here. Today, it has become a famous tourist attraction. Under the leadership of the tour guide, tourists put on hard hats and miner’s lamps from Youyou.com, walked into the underground gold mine site, explored in the honeycomb tunnel, boarded the abandoned transport tunnel, overlooked the entire gold mining town, and followed the miners’ journey Step by step, feel their miners’ life and passion for gold, and look for the most authentic “retro”. You can even spend a whole day in the tunnels, using mining rigs and detectors to find gold and be a real “gold digger”.
The Catacombs of Rome, Italy
There are at least 40 tombs in and around Rome, some of which have not even been discovered in recent decades. They are mainly Christian tombs. Beginning in the 2nd century AD, ancient Rome banned the burial of the dead in cities, so these catacombs came into being, although the tunnels were originally dug by the Etruscans for quarrying rather than built by the Romans. The most famous of these catacombs is the Christian catacombs of San Callisto located near the Cafarella Park. There are about 20 kilometers of passages in the Catacombs, and tourists can visit a small part of them on a guided tour. There are historical and artistic relics such as murals and sculptures around 400 AD in the catacombs, which provide valuable information for the history of early Christian art.
China Shanghai Bund Sightseeing Tunnel
The Bund Sightseeing Tunnel is located in the Oriental Pearl TV Tower and Between the Bund on East Nanjing Road in Huangpu District is the first pedestrian tunnel across the river in China, and it is also a pioneering work in the history of tunnel construction. The fully automatic unmanned maglev train in the tunnel has a total length of 646.70 meters and transports tourists across the river. Two sets of lighting systems are used in the tunnel, one is general lighting during traffic hours, and the other is landscape lighting during tourist hours. The flickering and pulsating colored light sources are constantly changing like a whirlwind, and cooperate with the landscape decoration in the tunnel to create a unique visual experience. In just 5 minutes, passengers seemed to have experienced a psychedelic “time and space shuttle”.
British Street Tunnel
The Leake Street Tunnel is a road tunnel in London, located in Waterloo Stand down, about 300 meters long. The road is open to vehicles when the Eurostar terminal is at Waterloo station. On 14 November 2008, the ownership of the road was transferred from Eurostar to ***Rail and only pedestrians are allowed. In fact, the Leake Street Tunnel is a legal street art district. In 2008, the famous graffiti artist Banksy held a graffiti art exhibition here for the first time. So now people often refer to the Leake Street Tunnel as the “Graffiti Tunnel”. At first glance, you will be amazed by the vibrant colors in the tunnel. The walls are covered with graffiti art in various styles and many impressive works.
Norwegian Drammen Spiral Tunnel
Most tunnels connect the two places directly, But not the Drammen spiral tunnel. The 1.65-kilometer-long tunnel spirals upwards. Going all the way up the tunnel, you will circle six times, from 15 meters above sea level to 792 meters above sea level. The Drammen Spiral Tunnel essentially adopts the design concept of a multi-storey car park. When you reach the top of the tunnel, you will ascend to a viewing platform 180 meters above the town of Drammen, where there are parking facilities and a café. You can’t guess why Della was builtDoor to the spiral tunnel. At first, people were worried that the local quarry would damage the landscape, so the local community decided to replace the original quarry with the method of “digging stones in the tunnel”. The excavated rock was used to build the city and port, while the tunnel was preserved as a by-product of quarrying and became a tourist attraction.
Source: Global Travel Weekly/Wang Xiao Orange