The Dark Ages of Greece (Ancient Greece and
After the civilization of Mycenaeans, the Greek peninsula entered a period of friendship and resources*** known as the Dark Ages. Historically common in many places The Mycenaean civilization will soon reach the ancient Greek civilization, but there is such a dark period in the middle that it cannot be called a civilization.
The arrival of this dark history is mostly due to the fact that many people from the north The invasion of the barbarians of Lyon, who occupied the entire Greek peninsula. If you want to find a celebrity that the world has heard of before ancient Greek civilization, it can only be Homer. Homer’s epic is about Mycenae and even Greece at that time and before. The characters, customs, stories and legends of Ritter Island.
It is strange that several civilizations declined at the same time, including ancient Egypt, Hittite civilization, etc. This is almost the same as the The decline times of Sini civilization overlapped. Western historians generally believe that this is related to the fault in the development level of human society at that time, that is to say, some invading peoples have been able to produce sharper and more deadly metal weapons.
I disagree with this point of view. The reason why they are called ancient civilizations is that they are ahead of other wild areas at that time in all aspects. How can the most basic social products like weapons Was it led by the barbarians in turn? Or was it so far ahead, to the extent that all these civilizations were broken at once?
I am more inclined to another view, that is, many scholars speculate that the eastern Mediterranean region at that time A rare severe drought broke out, leading to a great famine, and on this basis, ushered in the invasion of ethnic groups who may be even more lacking in basic means of production and living.
Then the problem comes again Alright. How did it become the dark ages just by changing the people living here? Crete invented the linear letter A, Mycenae invented the linear letter B, and the Dorians couldn’t invent another “linear letter C “? There must be a symbolic reason for the darkness.
The Dorians who entered the peninsula not only drove away the Mycenaeans, but also burned their glorious symbol of civilization One’s palace, and stopped using writing. The total number of Dorians is not large, which led them to recruit their own territories everywhere after occupying the peninsula. Since they were scattered less, it was difficult to form a large settlement. It is also commonly known as a town.
And they work behind closed doors, as if they feel that they have finally grabbed a piece of land that belongs to them, and they must hold it in their hands and never let outsiders See. Therefore, the foreign trade during this period did not develop slowly, but was completely cut off. So far, no foreign products similar to those unearthed from the Cretan civilization have been found in archaeological discoveries.
Since this is the case, civilization is impossible to talk about, so where did Homer’s epic come from? In fact, Homer lived at the end of the Dark Ages, and most people think that this work may be composed of several authors on the one hand Completed. On the other hand, I think the contents may have come from oral storytelling. After all, no one usedWords, it was only at the end that someone picked up words again to summarize these stories. It is precisely because of various uncertainties that people have the relevance of this book to historical truth.
Of course, the literary status of Homer’s epic is beyond doubt. It is not only known as the greatest literary work of ancient Greece, but also the greatest literary work of the whole West. Because if future generations want to know the origin of European civilization, that is, the history of Mycenae and the history of the dark age before ancient Greek civilization, they have no choice but Homer’s epic.