How to measure a child’s IQ (how to judge whether a child is smart or not?)
How to judge whether a child is smart or not? This is a question that many parents are curious about. Let’s talk about it today.
01. Is the child smart or not? How do you view this issue?
For children who are healthy and grow normally, don’t pay too much attention to whether they are smart or not, and don’t label them casually.
Common understanding, a smart child is a child with a high IQ.
In the crowd, most children are children with normal IQ, especially children with high IQ and low IQ, which account for a very small proportion; just like most of our adults are ordinary people . It is very difficult and complicated to really fully understand a child’s intelligence, and a child’s intelligence is also affected by many factors.
For example, studies have found that about 50% of a child’s IQ is determined by genes. But so far, it hasn’t been proven which specific gene or genes play a major role in a child’s IQ. In addition to genetic inheritance, a child’s intelligence is also related to factors such as nutrition, family environment, parenting style, education, and learning resources.
So, for healthy and normal children, parents don’t actually need to worry about whether the child is smart, let alone label the child “smart” or “not smart”.
Picture: freepik created by master1305
02. Smart kid, a little sign nothing?
Extremely bright children will have some signs in infancy and toddlerhood.
A particularly bright child is a genius. There is no universal definition of genius. At first, people with an IQ around 14 were considered geniuses, accounting for about 1 in 250 people. Later, I thought that geniuses were considered geniuses with an IQ above 180, and the proportion of that population was one in 2 million.
For gifted children with extremely high IQs, there are special signs during infancy, toddlerhood, and preschool. For example, a study once counted 241 children with an IQ of 160-237+ (according to the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale) and found the following characteristics:
94% were particularly alert during infancy.
94% can concentrate for a long time in infants and young children.
90% of languages are developed early.
The average age of speaking a word is 9 months.
The average age of impromptu reading of simple books is before the age of 4.
60% had early development of big moves.
48.9% were ambidextrous at some stage of growth and development (both hands can be used flexibly).
37% have imaginary playmates.
In fact, earlier research has similar findings, such as children with super-high IQ develop language earlier, are particularly alert in infancy, and show abstract reasoning ability earlier and early reading skills (often they can read impromptu by age 4).
Of course, these studies are actually very early, and they are all based on the observation data of a small number of gifted children. Beyond that, there are many other descriptions of the characteristics of gifted children. For us, all this information is to be read for interest only and not to be over-interpreted or extended. As an extreme example, although observational studies have found that gifted children develop language very early, Einstein did not start speaking until he was 4 years old.
03. Want to know how much a child’s IQ can be measured?
It is generally not recommended for children under the age of 4 to take intelligence tests.
Theoretically, the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale can be used at 2 years and 0 months. The Wechsler Preschool Intelligence Scale can be used as early as age 3. But from a practical point of view, it is very difficult for children under the age of 4 to do intelligence tests.
For example, children aged 2-3, even if their IQ is extremely high, it is difficult to successfully complete the IQ test. Children aged 2-3 may be affected by reasons such as hunger, fatigue, dirty diapers, etc. Children in this age group are not so receptive to strangers.
Therefore, even if they are asked to participate in the IQ test, they may just fiddle with the test tools according to their own wishes, instead of completing the requirements put forward by the tester, and may even directly Refusing to respond to any commands from the tester.