And information technology (five levels of informatization and informatization)
The so-called informatization has different meanings in different contexts. Used as a noun, it usually refers to the application of modern information technology, especially the process that leads to changes in the application object or field (such as government, enterprise or society). For example, “enterprise informatization” not only refers to the application of information technology in enterprises, but more importantly, through the in-depth application of information technology, it innovates or changes the business model, weaving structure and business strategy of enterprises.
When “informatization” is used as an adjective, Changyou.com refers to an object or field due to the in-depth application of information technology. shape or state. For example, “information society” refers to the social form achieved after the application of information technology to a certain extent. It contains many new functions that can only be realized after the full application of modern information technology.
Informatization is a historical process that promotes the transformation of economic and social development methods. In this process, various information technologies are comprehensively used to transform and support various political, economic and social activities of human beings, and various data running through these activities are effectively and reliably managed, and information is formed through data processing that meets business requirements. resource. By integrating information resources, promoting information exchange and information sharing, forming a new economic form and improving the quality of economic growth.
Informatization is divided into the following five levels from “small” to “big”:
1 .Product informatization. Product informatization is the basis of informatization, which has two meanings. It means that more and more computerized (smart) devices are integrated into traditional products, so that products have the ability to process information, such as Smart TVs and smart lamps. Another meaning is that products carry more information, which is digital and easily recognized and read by computer equipment, or managed by information systems, such as cars integrated with on-board computer systems.
2. Enterprise informatization: Enterprise informatization refers to the extensive use of information technology in product design, development, production, management, operation and other links to assist manufacturing, optimize work processes, manage customer relationships, and build enterprise information management System, the process of training information talents and building and improving information management system. Enterprise informatization is the foundation of national economic informatization, involving manufacturing systems, ERP, CRM, SCM, etc.
3. Industry informatization. Refers to traditional industries such as agriculture, industry, transportation, manufacturing, and service industries. That is, extensive use of information technology to complete the informatization of processes and products, further improving productivity levels; Resources, realize the optimization and reorganization of various resources and elements in the industry, and realize industrial upgrading.
4. National economic informatization. It refers to the unified flow of information in a large economic system, so that financial , trade, investment, planning, customs clearance, marketing, etc. Form a large information system, The four economic links of production, circulation, distribution, and consumption are further integrated into a whole through information.
5. Informatization of social life. It means the entire social system, including business, education, government affairs, public services, transportation, daily life, etc. , adopt advanced information technology, integrate various information systems, vigorously develop information services related to people’s daily life, enrich people’s material and spiritual life, expand people’s activity space, and improve people’s life and work quality. Smart cities and Internet finance, which are currently emerging within the party, are the embodiment of the informatization of social life and an important development direction.
The core of informatization is to create social productivity in the information age through the joint efforts of all members of society, and to promote production relations and superstructures (represented by laws, regulations, systems, norms, standards, organizational structures, etc.) ) changes. ) through the full application of advanced social production tools of modern information technology (represented by various information systems or software and hardware products) in various economic and social fields, so as to comprehensively improve social integration strength, social civilization quality and people’s quality of life.
The basic connotation of informatization enlightens us: the main body of informatization is all members of society, including governments, enterprises, institutions, groups and individuals; its time domain is a long-term process; its airspace is All fields of politics, economy, culture, military and society; its means are advanced social production tools based on modern information technology; its approach is to create social productivity in the information age, and promote the transformation of social production relations and social superstructure; its goal is The comprehensive strength of the country, the quality of social friends and resources, and the quality of life of the people are most comprehensively improved.