Treatment of phobias (how to treat psychological phobias)
The so-called phobia is a deep feeling of an individual or group at the risk of real or imagined dangerous friends and resources An intense, suppressed emotional state. Its manifestations are: nervousness, fear in the heart, inability to concentrate, white-headedness, inability to correctly judge or control one’s behavior, and easy impulsiveness.
How can we overcome fear?
Mainly by improving the cognitive ability of things, expanding the cognitive horizon, and judging the source of fear. Understanding some laws of the objective world, knowing the relationship between people’s own needs and objective laws, establishing correct goal judgments, improving predictability, and being fully mentally prepared for various possible changes will enhance psychological endurance.
Secondly, we must cultivate an optimistic interest in life and a strong will, and inspire our courage with their brave and tenacious spirit by learning from the deeds of heroes. In daily training and life, consciously temper yourself in a difficult environment and cultivate a brave and tenacious style. In this way, even if you do fall into a dangerous situation, you will not panic for a while, but will be calm and resourceful.
In addition, we usually actively participate in strengthening psychological training to improve various psychological qualities. For example, by simulating dangerous situations, setting up various possible situations, conducting targeted psychological training, and forming an expected state of psychological preparation for dangerous situations, it can effectively overcome negative emotions such as tension and anxiety, improve psychological adaptation and balance, and be firm. Confidence and courage, conquering fear with dauntless spirit. Plus, fear can be overcome through self-regulation and self-training.
The specific method is as follows: Step 1: List various scenes that can cause you tension and fear in order from light to heavy (the more specific the better the details), duplicated on different cards. Put the scenes that scare you the least first and the ones that scare you the most last, and arrange the cards in order.
The second step: conduct relaxation training. Method Sit in a comfortable seat, take regular deep breaths, and relax your body. After entering a relaxed state, take out one of the cards from the above series and imagine the above scene. The more vivid and vivid your imagination is, the better.
Step 3: If you feel a little restless, tense, and scared, stop imagining, take a deep breath, and let yourself relax again. When you are completely relaxed, re-imagine the situation where you just failed. If the uneasiness and tension recur, just stop and relax, and repeat until the situation on the card no longer makes you uneasy and tense.
Step 4: Use the same method for the next scene that scares you more (the next card). Note that every time you enter the imagination of the next card, you must no longer feel uneasy and nervous when imagining the last card on Youyou.com. Otherwise you cannot proceed to the next stage.
Step 5: When you imagine the scene that scares you the most without blushingAt this time, you can exercise on the spot again in the order from light to heavy. If you feel uneasy and nervous on the spot, you can also take a deep breath, relax yourself and fight against it until you are no longer afraid and nervous.
Treatment is usually psychotherapy combined with drug therapy,
Behavioral therapy is often used in psychotherapy, and systematic desensitization therapy , Exposure shock therapy, etc. It has a good therapeutic effect on phobias.
In addition, the combination of cognitive reconstruction and cognitive assessment works better. The tricyclic drug clomipramine is commonly used in drug treatment, and some new drugs such as fluoxetine and sertraline of SSR1 have a better effect on alleviating fear symptoms. Another class of benzodiazepines, *** , often relieves patients’ acute fear and anxiety and increases their confidence in behavioral therapy.