Which country does the Strait of Malacca belong to (Which country does the Strait of Malacca belong to) 3D Earth Knowledge Bureau
Near the South China Sea, there is a sea channel connecting two oceans, the Strait of Malacca. It is considered the lifeline of the ocean. How much do you charge? The United States wants to threaten our country through this, but it doesn’t know that our country already has a way to break the situation. let’s figure it out together.
One of the straits with great responsibility
The Strait of Malacca, located between the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra, has a total length of more than 1,000 kilometers and an area of about 6.5 million square kilometers. It is an important channel for international maritime trade. It runs in a southeast-northwest direction, with Sumatra in the southwest, connecting the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean.
Since the 4th century AD, the strait was discovered and became an important bridge connecting Asia and Europe, so many countries want to control the Strait of Malacca. Historically, it was occupied by Japan, Britain and other countries. Until the end of World War II, the Strait of Malacca was controlled by neighboring countries. The Strait of Malacca is now jointly administered by Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia. However, due to insufficient national strength, this place will still make some countries want to regain control.
The Strait of Malacca is located in the equatorial windless belt, with an annual average temperature of over 25 degrees Celsius and precipitation of over 2000 mm. It can be said that it is hot and rainy all year round. But here, the wind is weak most of the year. Even if there are strong winds and waves in a month or two, the time will never exceed ten minutes. The superior climatic conditions make the Strait of Malacca different from the severe weather in other straits, and the world also calls the Strait of Malacca a calm waterway.
After more than 2,000 years of navigation, the Strait of Malacca has become an important part of global shipping routes. Every year, oil ships from all over the world pass here, heading for European or Asian countries, accounting for a quarter of the world’s total. In the early years, due to its proximity to China, India and other populous countries, it often became the main route of action for immigrants. In addition, after World War II, Japan wanted to restore its economy and expand the development of global trade, and the Strait of Malacca became its main channel for trade with Europe. It can be said that the Strait of Malacca holds the lifeblood of Japan’s economic development, which is why Japan calls the Strait of Malacca the lifeline of the sea.
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As an important channel, although it is at sea, it is often in danger of being stranded. The bottom of the Strait of Malacca is relatively flat, and many swamps can be seen on both sides of the Strait, which are formed by the accumulation of a large amount of sediment. In some coastal areas, the annual sediment deposition will reach 9 meters, and the coastline will continue to expand by tens of meters every year. According to this speed, within 1000 years, the Strait of Malacca will disappear, which will inevitably bring a heavy blow to the development of world water transportation.
There are also beaches and sandbars in Malacca, and there are nearly 40 places shallower than 20 meters. Giant tankers run aground every time they pass by. Long term storageShallow requires a lot of manpower and material resources to solve, and may also slow down the transaction time. This will have a certain impact on international trade and economic development. If it cannot be effectively resolved, it will be a great hidden danger.
In addition to natural hidden dangers, Malacca also has many external problems. Since Malacca is one of the busiest waterways in the world, materials from many countries will pass through here, and there are many narrow areas in the Strait of Malacca, which makes it convenient for pirates to set up ambushes and hijack ships here. Until now, it has not been well resolved.
Located at the junction of the three countries, coupled with the limited military strength of Malaysia, Indonesia, and Singapore, it is impossible to solve such a problem. In 2003, 150 piracy incidents occurred in the Strait of Malacca, accounting for one-third of the world’s piracy incidents. Therefore, there are frequent crises here. In the face of losses, international organizations should provide solutions, and the three countries should fully cooperate.
Even if there are problems in the Strait of Malacca, its advantages definitely outweigh its disadvantages, so many countries have ambitious jurisdiction over it. For example, the United States once proposed to send troops here to jointly patrol with the three countries to maintain security. Although it was rejected, there is no lack of thinking about the United States.